Visualising Hawaiian Sacred Sites: The archives and J.F.G. Stokes’s pioneering archaeological surveys, 1906–1913

  • James Flexner University of Sydney
  • Mara A. Mulrooney
  • Mark D. McCoy
  • Patrick V. Kirch
Keywords: Hawaii, heiau, visualisation, history of archaeology, Polynesia

Abstract

In the early 1900s, Australian-born archaeologist John F.G. Stokes was the first to extensively use modern surveying techniques and photography to document Hawaiian archaeological sites. Stokes carried out fieldwork for a Bishop Museum-based research program driven by interests in Polynesian origins and Hawaiian religious change, focusing specifically on the monumental temple sites called heiau in Hawaiian. Using a sample of the visual record of plan maps and photographs from Stokes’s work, we examine how Stokes represented sacred sites, including the variable level of architectural detail offered. Stokes’s reliance on Native Hawaiian informants is notable, as it may have played an important role in shaping his view of the archaeological landscape. Stokes’s survey record provides an important dataset for understanding the paradigms at work in Polynesian archaeology in the early 20th century, and the influences of this work in subsequent approaches to monumentality in the archipelago and beyond.
Published
2017-03-02
How to Cite
Flexner, J., Mulrooney, M., McCoy, M. and Kirch, P. (2017) “Visualising Hawaiian Sacred Sites: The archives and J.F.G. Stokes’s pioneering archaeological surveys, 1906–1913”, Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 8(1), pp. 63-76. Available at: http://pacificarchaeology.org/index.php/journal/article/view/214 (Accessed: 23June2018).
Section
Articles