New excavations at Fa’ahia (Huahine, Society Islands) and chronologies of central East Polynesian colonization

  • Atholl John Anderson Australian National University
  • Eric Conte Université de la Polynésie française,
  • Ian Smith Monash University
  • Katherine Szabo University of Otago

Abstract

The six-hectare site of Vaito'otia-Fa'ahia on Huahine Island in the Leeward Societies is renowned for its wealth of material culture typifying early East Polynesian settlement, including items of wood and fibre preserved by waterlogging, through the research of Yosihiko Sinoto and colleagues in particular. However, the stratigraphy for much of the excavated area is sketchy and no precise chronology of settlement is available. Renewed excavations in the Fa'hia site area in 2007, although relatively limited in scope produced more stratigraphic detail, additional faunal remains and artefacts, including a patu, and 12 new radiocarbon dates on short lifespan material from the lowest cultural layer which indicate initial human occupation about AD 1050-1160. In the light of this result, recent arguments for earlier initial colonisation of Central East Polynesia are reviewed. Chronological evidence adduced in these relies primarily upon radiocarbon samples with potentially substantial inbuilt age, and it is concluded that there is no compelling case for colonization of the region prior to the early eleventh century AD.  

Author Biographies

Eric Conte, Université de la Polynésie française,

CIRAP, Tahiti, Polynésie française

Ian Smith, Monash University

Indigenous Studies Centre, Monash University, Vic 3800, Australia

Katherine Szabo, University of Otago

Archaeology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand

Published
2019-05-12
How to Cite
Anderson, A., Conte, E., Smith, I. and Szabo, K. (2019) “New excavations at Fa’ahia (Huahine, Society Islands) and chronologies of central East Polynesian colonization”, Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 10(1). Available at: https://pacificarchaeology.org/index.php/journal/article/view/279 (Accessed: 25May2019).